| 中考作文 |




一、名词 关于名词,我们必须掌握名词的数,名词的格。




(3)以辅音字母加y结尾的名词,变y为i加es, 如:country--countries。

请区别:如果是元音字母加y结尾的名词,则只须加s。 如:monkey--monkeys。


(5)以f、fe结尾的名词,变f、fe为v再加es, 如:knife--knives。

2.单复数形式相同的词:sheep--sheep,fish--fish Chinese--Chinese,Japanese--Japanese



请区别:German(德国人)―Germans (3)child―children

4.常以复数形式出现的名词:people(人),clothes(衣服),trousers(裤子) glasses(眼镜) ,这些名词作主语时,同学们应特别注意它们的谓语,用复数。 如:My clothes are (be) newer than yours.

5.有些名词看似复数形式,实际上是单数。这一点是同学不易掌握的,应特别加以记忆。如:news(消息),maths(数学),physics(物理) No news is good news.

6.可用how many,many,a few,few,a lot of,lots of,some,any等来修饰可数名词复数。 How many are there in your pencil-box?(knife)


2.不可数名词无复数,作主语时常看成单数。如:Some bread__________over there.(be)

3.常用how much,much,a little,little,a lot of,some,any等来修饰不可数名词。

4.常用a piece of,a cup of等来表示不可数名词的量。如要表达“两片面包”这样的意义,bread仍为不可数名词,不加s,而piece则可加s。即:twopiecesof bread

请区别:可数名词也可用量来表示, 如:三箱苹果three boxes of apples

例: 1、These two pieces of bread __________over there.(be)

2、Could I have three ___________,please?

A.piece of bread B.piece of breads C.pieces of bread D.pieces of breads

名词的格 名词所有格的构成方法,在名词后加“ "s”。如:Tom→Tom"s译为“…的”,若遇上以s结尾的复数名词,则在s后加“ "”即可。如:Teachers"Day , twoweeks"holiday,而不以s结尾的复数名词的所有格,仍按惯例加"s 。如:Children"s Day


1.可用名词所有格表示地点。 如:my aunt"s 我姑姑家。 go to the doctor"s 去医生家。

2.表示两人共同拥有,在最后一个名词后加"s 如:Lucy and Lily"s 露西和莉莉的

3.掌握词组:a girl of five 一个五岁的女孩 a friend of mine 我的一个朋友

eg;The white shirt is and blue one is . A、Kate,my B.Kate"s,mine C.Kate,mine D.Kate"s,my


冠词是词汇中的基础的,也是简单的部分,所以同学们有必要掌握其基本用法,归纳起来,同学们应该掌握以下几点: 1.冠词指不定冠词a,an和定冠词the

2.不定冠词an常用于元音发音开头的词前,如:an hour,an English car. 请区别:a useful machine


4.在世界上独一无二的事物前用定冠词the.如:the sun,the moon,the earth

5.定冠词the用于序数词前,表示方位的名词和形容词最高级前。如:the first,the best ,in the south


如:The Browns are going to Shanghai for a holiday this summer.

7.在介词短语中常用定冠词the,如:in the box ,behind the chair


(1)在节日、星期、月份、季节、年等词前不用冠词。如:in summer,in August

请区别:in the spring of 1945. (这里表示特指,故加the)

(2)一日三餐和球类运动名不用冠词。 如:have breakfast ,play football

(3)一些固定词组中,如:go to bed ,go to school,by bus ,at night.


in front of 在…前面 in the hospital 在医院里

in the front of 在…范围内的前部 in hospital (生病)住院

练习:There"s _________800-metre-long road behind _________hospital.

A.an,an B.a, a C.an, the D.a, the




1,2,3特殊记,加th从4起 (first,second,third,fourth)

8少t,9去e,千万别忘记 (eighth,ninth) 逢5逢12,ve变f (fifth,twelfth)

20到90,y要变ie (twentieth,ninetieth) 若是几十几,前基后序别倒位 (ninety-first)

2.hundred,thousand,million 在构成具体的数字时用单数形式。 如:five hundred people. 只有在表达笼统的多数时才加s,构成复数形式。

hundreds of 数以百计的,成百上千的 thousands of 数以千计的,成千上万的

millions of 数百万的 这些词组前不能用具体数字。

3.序数词常与定冠词the 连用。

练习:①Henry has learned eight _________ French words this year.

A.hundred B.hundreds C.hundred of D.hundreds of

②The _________lesson is the most difficult one in Book Two. (twenty)


顺读法(钟点+分钟) 如:4:30 four thirty 4:45 four forty-five

4:15 four fifteen 倒读法(分钟+to/past+钟点) 如:4:30 half past four

4:15 fifteen past four/a quarter past four 4:45 fifteen to five/a quarter to five


1.spend some time on 在……花时间

2.hand sth、to sb、把某物递给某人、hand in sth、to sb、上交某人某物

3.get on (with…)= get along (with…) ①生活②与(某人)相处③(活动)有进展

4.pass sb、sth、把某物递给某人

5.in bed 躺在床上

6.near the fireplace 在火炉旁

7.be angry with sb、生某人的气 be angry at/about sth、生某事的气

8.have to 必须,不得不

9.as soon as 一......就......

10.on time 按时;准时

11.no longer=not…any longer 不再

12.Party member 共产党员

13.lots of=a lot of 许多;很多;大量

14.1ook like看起来像

15.have a talk 谈话

16.in time 正好;及时

17.both of them 他们中两个人

18.turn off 关掉(自来水,电灯,收音机等)

19.be born 出生

20.near the end of the match 比赛快要结束

21.look after 照料;照顾

22.in front of 在......前面

23.buy sth、for sb、为某人买东西

24.play with 玩耍

25.get a letter from my friend 收到我的朋友一封信

26.be all over 全场结束

27.have a rest 休息

28.both her parents 她的父母双方

29.either…or… 要么……要么......

30.catch (a) cold; have a cold 感冒


1.at the back of 在……的后面

2.break down ①(机械)损坏②拆散(某物)

3.be different from… 和……不同

4.take/have some medicine 服药

5.feel like doing sth、想要做某事

6.just a moment 等一会儿

7.at breakfast 早餐时

8.take part in 参加

9.by the way 顺便一提

10.a few 一些

11.post office 邮局

12.all kinds of 各种各样的......

13.over there 在那边;在对面

14.at work 在工作

15.next time 下次

16.have lessons/classes 上课

17.hundreds of 数百

18.get back ①返回②取回

19.go back 回去

20.never mind 不要紧;没关系



How to make friends

It’s hard to make friends if you stay alone all the time. It’s easier to make friends when you have similar interests.

Don’r be afraid to show people what you are really good at. Talk about the things you like and do best.

Look at people in the eyes when you talk to them.

Be a good listner. Let people talk about themselves before talking about yourself. Be friendly to a lot of people. Try to help your friends when they are in trouble because a friend in need is a friend indeed. That way you’ll have a bigger group to choose from and have more chances to make friends.

My view on television

Television has come into our life for many years.

We can’t live happily without television. Jt can give us the latest information and news. It can open up our eyes and enlarge our knowledge. We can get happiness from the plays on television. We’ll be boring all day if there is no television. Television programs are attractive. After a whole day’s hard worlk we can sit before the television and drink a cup of tea. How wonderful it is!

Television is also bad for people’s health. It’s bad for you to watch TV too long, especially bad for your eyes.

It is true that watching TV can influence our behavior. However, it depends on what we do.

My view on school uniform

At our school , we have to wear uniforms every day. The problem is that all my classmates think the uniforms are ugly. We think young people should look smart and so we would like to wear our own clothes. Our teachers believe that if we did that. We would concentrate more on our clothes than our studies. We disagree. We should feel more comfortable and thate is good for studying. If we can’t do that, we should be allowed to design our own uniforms. We also think everyone should be different from others. That would be a good way to keep both teachers and students happy.

My opinions on volunteering

We are middle school students and we are busy with our lessons. So some people think we should concentrate more on our studies. If we volunteer to help others, it’s a waste of time. But I think volunteering is great. I not only feel good about helping others but also get to spend time doing what I love to do. And from volunteering I have learned many things that I have never learned in class. So if I have an oppoutunity, I’d like to visit old people’s home to clean up for them. I’d also like to help sick kids in hospital. I love kids and I plan to put my love to good use by working in hospital. In a word, I’d like to help people who need help. If everyone helps out a bit, the world will be more colorful.

Small kinds

Human beings are advanced animals in the world. Some animals are very kind. For example , if you are kind to a dog , it will shake. It will tail to you. So if you are kind to others, they will also be kind to you.

You have lots of chances to give your small kindness if you see a disabled person working in the street. You can help him to cross the street. If you meet a stranger, you can show him the way. If he or she asks you questions, you should be kind to answer them. That is you give small kindness to others. Maybe it seems to you a piece of cake, but it is very important to people in need. If you do this, the others will do it to you.

Be kind to others, and they will be kind to you.

My opinion on Internet

Hello, everyone! As you know, many students like to work on the Internet. Of course, it can bring us many good things. We can learn more knowledge outside our books, practice our spoken English with someone else and look up some useful information.

At the same time, it can bring us some bad things as well. Some students have made too many friends, seen some bad information that is not good for us and spent too much time on it. We should know what to do and what not to do. That’s my idea. Thank you for listening!

Internet shopping

Internet shopping is a new way of shopping. It offers a lot of advantages. The most important one is convenience. You can shop whenever you like because the online shops are open 24 hours a day. And you don’t have to queue with others. And it is often cheaper to buy goods through the Internet and it is also easy to find what you are looking for.

There are some disadvantages, too. You can not see the products or check their qualities. Besides you can not enjoy walking around the shops and talking with your friends.

We lodged at a friends"s house.

Arrived in Vancouver on the first day,is already in the afternoon, so good friend"s mother decided to let our two people together to do a dinner .His mother cook the pizza. Hanburger, my mother and i do . In addition, the father is responsible for to buy drinks.

My brother and sister are in charge of eating.

After dinner, i and my friends and his younger brother ang sister to the courtyard behind the big swimming pool, especially fun.

Well, I"m waiting for my second day"s diary.

Dear David,

I"m very glad to hear from you and thank you very much for your care. Now _______________________


Best wishes!


Wang Nin

Dear David,

I"m very glad to hear from you and thank you very much for your care. Now we all have safe places to live, enough to eat and clean water to drink. Don"t worry about us.

All of us have gone back to school. Most of us go to local tent schools. Some have gone to other parts of China to go to school. Many volunteers like you came to our schools to stay with us. We sing and play games together. They also teach us English.

Best wishes!


Wang Nin









































(1)结果状语从句由so…that, such…that, so that引导。例如:

He is so poor that he can’t buy a bike for his son.

She is such a good teacher that everybody likes her.

My pencil fell under the desk, so that I couldn’t see it.


在由so...that引导的结果状语从句中,so是副词,与形容词连用。其结构是: “...so + 形容词(副词)+ that + 从句”。例如:

He was so glad that he couldn’t say a word.

The hall is so big that it can hold 2,000 people.

Mother lives so far away that we hardly ever see her.


It was such a hot day that nobody wanted to do anything.

He had such long arms that he could almost touch the ceiling.

He made such rapid progress that he did very well in the mid-term.


It was such a wonderful film that all of us wanted to see it again.

=The film was so wonderful that all of us wanted to see it again.

It is such an important match that nobody wants to miss it.

=The match is so important that nobody wants to miss it.

(3)如果名词前由many, much, little, few等词修饰时,只能用so, 不用such。例如:

Soon there were so many deer that they ate up all the wild roses.

He has so little time that he can’t go to the cinema with you.


1.be like 像......

2.have a swim 游泳

3.in front 在前方(面)

4.stop sb、from doing sth、阻止某人做某事

5.get into the room through the window 从窗户进入房间

6.keep sth、保留东西

7.put on 穿上 take off 脱下

8.take away 拿走

9.very much 很;非常

10.all day(long) 整天;一天到晚

11.learn a more important lesson 上了一节更重要的课

12.wear a new dress at the party 在聚会(上)穿一条新裙子

13.at once 立刻;马上

14.right now 现在;刚刚

15.work by day and study by night (在)白天工作晚上学习

16.a moment later 片刻之后

17.be good for 对……有益的 be bad for 对……有害的

18.go to the hill with sth、带着东西上山

19.not … at all 一点也不;根本不(用来加强not的语气)

20.in a minute 一会儿;立刻






主语+am / is / are (not)+过去分词


主语+was / were +过去分词


主语+have / has +been +过去分词


主语+will +be +过去分词


主语+would / should + be +过去分词


主语+was / were + being +过去分词


主语+had + been +过去分词





Football is played widely all over the world。



The bank was robbed yesterday afternoon。



It is reported that about twenty children have died of flu in the USA。






1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义。

2. 分析并举例使其更充实。



1. 问题现状, 2. 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点)

In recent days, we have to face I problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(说明A的现状).Second, ---------------(举例进一步说明现状)

Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------(解决方法一). For another -------------(解决方法二). Finally, --------------(解决方法三).

Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because --------------(带来的好处).



1. 说明事物现状,

2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)

3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法

Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(A的优点之一). Besides -------------------(A的优点之二).

But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse,------------------(A的第二个缺点).

Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法).

(From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ---------------(对前景的预测).)


(1) 不同观点列举型( 选择型 )

There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目_____. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic

varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude

as follows: in the first place, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二_____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____.

People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter.

Some people hold the idea that ___观点二_______. In their point of view, on the one hand, ___原因一_______. On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___观点二______.

As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一

或二______. It is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more

_______, the more ________.


Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题_____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive

aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一______. And secondly ___优点二_____.

Just As a popular saying goes, “every coin has two sides”, __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To

begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition, ____缺点二______.

To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same

time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___.

( 3 ) 答题性议论文

Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__作文题目_______ .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem.

As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __途径一______. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___途径二_____.

Above all, to solve the problem of ___作文题目______, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say,


( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文

It is well know to us that the proverb: “ ___谚语_______” has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means ____谚语的含义_______. The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically )

A case in point is ___例子一______. Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb ____谚语_____.

With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: ____谚语_____. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job..


As is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart), ___作文题目的议题_____ has been on rise/ decrease (goes up/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________.

There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one hand, ________. On the other hand, _______ is due to the fact that ________. In addition, ________ is responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.

As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.


Recently _______,what amazes us most is______________, it is true that__________.

There are many reasons explaining__________________________. The main reason is____________________.

what is more_________________________.thirdly__________________________.As a result_______________.

Considering all there,________________________. For one thing_____________________, for another________ ____.In Conclusion____________________.





认真分析后我们可以看到,A对社会/世界 /健康的不利有很多。首先,从最直观的角度来看,A的出现直接损害了(这里加入一句针对性的话,如人类的身体健康和环境的平衡) 。(举例)。其次,从更深一层次上讲,它为人类的精神文明蒙上了一层阴影。更可怕的是,由于A所产生微小利益,却促成了许多可悲的人们为其忘乎所以,破坏 了人类生存的法则和空间。

事实上,A的出现是社会发展和人类进步的产物,A所带来的危害是人类进化过程中付出的代价。同时,A的产生来源于部 分人们的自私和趋利性,他们看到的是肤浅和片面的利益,而从未从整个全局和人类整体的利益出发去认识和分析它。这使得A始终挥之不去。对此,我奉劝他们, 跳出狭小的角落,用长远和全局的眼光去重新审视A。



Currently, XX has been the order of the day .This does demonstrate ,the theory --- nothing is more valuable than XX .It is clear that ( 1 ). If you ( 2 ), as a result ,your dreams will come true . On the contrary, if you ( 3 ).Failure will be following with you .It turns out that all your plan falls through . No one can deny another fact that ( 4 ) .You don"t have to look very far to find out the truth , in respect that we all know ( 5 ) .It will exert a profound influence upon ( 6 ).With reference to my standpoint ,I think ( 7 ).

1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。

1.有一些人认为…… 2.另一些人认为……3.我的看法……

The topic of ①-----------------(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions of it. Some people say A is heir favorite. They hold their view for the reason of②-----------------(支持A的理由一)What is more, ③-------------理由二). Moreover,④---------------(理由三).

While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持B的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥------------------(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦------------------(理由三).

From my point of view, I think ⑧----------------(我的观点). The reason is that⑨--------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .

2) 给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点

Some people believe that ①----------------(观点一). For example, they think②-----------------(举例说明).And it will bring them③-----------------(为他们带来的好处). In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④-------------(我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing,⑤-----------------(反对的理由之二). Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that⑥------------------(我对文章所讨论主题的看法).




How nice to hear from you again.

Let me tell you something about the activity.

I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th.

I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit.

I’m writing to thank you for your help during my stay in America.


With best wishes.

I’m looking forward to your reply.

I’d appreciate it if you could reply earlier.




人称代词 主格 I you he she it we they you

宾格 me you him her it us them you

物主代词 形容词性 my your his her its our their your

名词性 mine yours his hers its ours theirs yours

反身代词 myself yourself himself herself itself ourselves themselves yourselves




单数 复数

第一人称 myself我自己 ourselves我们自己

第二人称 yourself你自己 yourselves你们自己

第三人称 himself他自己, herself她自己, itself它自己

(二)few, a few, little, a little的用法:

few 很少几个 否定 复数可数名词

a few 有几个 肯定 复数可数名词

little 很少,不多 否定 不可数名词

a little有一点 肯定 不可数名词


1.由some, any, no, every构成的复合不定代词,如果有形容词修饰,该形容词必须后置。

There is nothing wrong with the radio.这收音机没有毛病。

I have something important to tell you.我有重要事情告诉你。

2.both / all / none

all的意思是“全体”,“所有”可代表或修饰三个以上的人或物;both指“两者都”; none “没有”表示三者或三者以上都不,后常跟介词of。

3.every / each

every+单数名词 “每一个” 强调共性,作定语,形式上为单数。each “每一个” 强调个性,作定语、主语、宾语和同位语,常与of连用。

4.both / either / neither

both “(两者)都” ,作主语时,看作复数;作定语时,后跟名词复数。

either “两者中任何一个” ,作主语时,谓语用第三人称单数;作定语时,后跟名词单数。

neither “(两者)都不”,含有否定意义,用法同either。

5. another / the other / the others/ others

another +单数名词, “另一个”

one … the other “一个……,另一个……”

the other +复数名词 = the others “其他的人或物” (指确定范围内剩下的全部)

others “别人”


表示“这个”、“那个”、“这些”、“那些”等,指示意义的代词称为指示代词。指示代词有this, that, these, those, such, same等。

1.This, that, these those的用法:

This(these)常用来指在时间或空间上较近的事物, these是this的复数形式;that(those)常指在时间或空间上较远的事物,those是that的复数形式。


such常在句中作主语、定语和表语,表示“这样”。 same可用作主语、表语、宾语和定语,意为“同样的”,same前必须加定冠词the。

I have never seen such a good place.我从未见过这么好的地方。

I never heard such stories as he told.我从未听过他讲的那样的故事。

We are in the same factory. 我们在同一家工厂。

I’ll do the same as you.我将与你做同样的事情。


疑问代词是指 5个“wh”,:who(谁), whose(谁的), whom(谁),what(什么), which哪个)


Who is the girl in red? 那个穿红衣服的女孩是谁?

Whom are you waiting for? 你们在等谁?

With whom did they play basketball? 他们和谁一起打篮球?


Which do you prefer, orange juice or coke? 橘汁和可乐,你喜欢哪个?

Which of them come from Canada? 他们中谁来自加拿大?

What do you like to do in your spare time? 你在业余时间都做什么?


1.Some people like to stay at home, but ________ like to go to the cinema.

A. another

B. other

C. others

D. other one

答案: C. (选择B的同学要牢记: some…., others….)

2.―― Is this your shoe?

―― Yes, but where is _________?

A. the other one

B. other one

C. another one

D. the others

答案: A. (选择C的同学要注意鞋是两只, another指的是三者或者三者以上。)

3.―― When shall we meet again next week?

―― _______ day is possible. It’s no problem with me.

A. Either

B. Neither

C. Every

D. Any

答案: D. (选择C的同学要注意every指的是每一天都见面, any指的是任何一天都可以,注意中文的干扰。)

4.Have you ever seen ________ big panda before?

A. a such

B. such a

C. so a

D. a so

答案: B (选择A的同学要注意词组记忆的准确性)

5.―― _______ do you write to your parents?

―― Once a month.

A. How long

B. How soon

C. How often

D. How far

答案: C. ( 选择A的同学要注意中文的干扰。由回答知道这里指的是写信的频率, 用how often表示。)

6.Robert has gone to _________ city and he’ll be back in a week.

A. other

B. the other

C. another

D. any other

答案:C (选择其它三项的同学要注意,这里没有说只有两座城市,因此不能用.)

7.―― A latest magazine, please.

――Only one left. Would you like to have ________?

A. it

B. one

C. this

D. that

答案:A (选择B的同学要注意这里指的是上一句中提到的那本杂志,不能用表示泛指的不定代词one,it指同类同物。 )

8.―― Which book would you like to borrow?

―― ________ of the two books is OK with me.

A. Either

B. Both

C. Any

D. None

答案:A (选择B的同学要注意 is 表示单数。)

9.He knows _________ English ________ French. But he’s very good at Japanese.

A. either; or

B. both; and

C. neither; nor

D. either; nor

答案:C (选择A和B的同学要注意语境,but表示转折。)

10.―― What do your parents do?

――One is a teacher; _________ is a driver.

A. other

B. another

C. the other

D. that one

答案: C (选择其它三个选项的同学要注意, one is …, the other is …的用法。)